Size up Your Puppys food

Size up your puppys food

Although most puppies share the same healthy appetite, size and breed determine their nutritional requirements. Follow these steps to ensure you meet your puppy’s unique needs.


Educate yourself

Expert insight: Read up and talk to a breeder about the unique requirements of your dog breed. Talk to your veterinarian and ensure that puppy’s development and calorific needs are monitored regularly.

Custom chow: Pair your dog’s food to its size and/or breed. “Veterinarians recommend high-quality dog food, assigned by their eventual adult size,” explains Los Angeles–based veterinarian Dr. Amber Andersen. “Some brands even cater to specific breeds,” she says, stressing that breed-specific food is not a marketing gimmick. “Pet food companies modify nutritional components based on the medical history of certain breeds. Just like people, different dogs have different dietary needs.”

Food options

Small: Small-breed puppies weigh less than 10 kilos and have faster metabolisms and reach maturity quicker than larger breeds. They therefore need higher levels of protein, fat, calcium and phosphorus to support growth and development of bone, muscle and other tissue. Moreover, they need petit-sized kibble to match their tiny jaws and tummies.

Medium: Breeds with an adult weight of between 10 and 25 kilos are considered medium-sized. They need a size-appropriate kibble containing antioxidants, including beta-carotene and vitamin E for immune system strength. Also look for food containing fibre (such as beet pulp), digestible carbohydrates (like maize, wheat, rice  or sorghum) and omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids for optimal skin and coat health.

Large dogs: Large-breed puppies tend to grow fast. Without the right nutrients their developing bones cannot support the rapid weight gain. Their skeletal systems can be damaged, potentially leaving them affected for life. “Large-breed puppies, or those expected to weigh more than 25 kilos as adults, should consume a balanced diet with controlled energy content and sufficient levels of calcium and phosphorus to meet their rapid growth needs,” says Dr. Amy Dicke, a technical services veterinarian with Eukanuba. If you’re unsure of what to feed your dog, ask your veterinarian or breeder for recommendations.

Feeding frequency

A St. Bernard puppy can gobble down more in one sitting than a Yorkie can. Regardless of breed, it’s always better to meet your puppy’s energy needs with several small portions rather than one large feed. Andersen recommends at least three meals a day: breakfast, lunch and dinner.

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I have a large dog and 2 medium so it's hard to measure how much each one is eating x

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Our 7 month old puppy is 40kgs already and we are getting conflicted views on portions! Does Iams do a giant breed version?

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